THe Third Committee: Social, Cultural and humanitarian
The Third Committee is focused on the issues of the digital age and the evolving role of the state – and of international society – in defending human rights and the public interest in media. Its first topic, “The Regulation of Misinformation”, deals with the role of patently false or misleading information in news and online media. The committee will comment on the extent, if at all, to which states, corporations, and other interested parties are responsible for policing the accuracy of digital content. The second topic, “The Right to Digital Privacy”, responds to an intense policy debate around the extent to which individuals’ data should be protected. The committee must determine what, if any, boundaries to information collection or retention that states and corporations must respect, the extent to which this privacy should be protected by policy, and the conditions under which this privacy may be violated in the public interest.
* * *
The Fourth Committee: Special Political and Decolonization
The Fourth Committee will discuss topical political issues, both inside the UN itself and outside it, related to its core mandates of peacekeeping and decolonization. Its first topic, “Offensive Force in Peacekeeping”, asks the committee to consider the broad variety of mandates historically implemented in UN peacekeeping operations and to craft a uniform policy on when the Security Council should authorize the use of force in excess of self-defence, and on what limits should exist on this broader use of coercive measures. Classical concepts of peacekeeping will be re-examined and the example of missions with aggressive mandates will be considered. The second topic, “The Question of the Kurdish Population”, will discuss the extent to which the Kurdish people have been colonized and will comment on the effectiveness of existing arrangements in Kurdish-majority regions at expressing their right to self-determination. The role of existing states, with majority Kurdish regions but overall Kurdish minorities, of regional governments, and the international community in protecting the fundamental rights of the Kurds will be commented on.
* * *
The arms trade treaty committee
The Arms Trade Treaty uses custom-designed procedures to adapt the format of a General Assembly to draft a binding international treaty. Set in the 2012 negotiations for the titular ATT, the committee will discuss proposed drafts and negotiate one of the most ambitious international agreements of the decade, which set out to replace a patchwork of regional and domestic instruments with a single global standard on the responsibility of states to regulate the purchase and sale of conventional arms in order to preserve international peace. A set of unique mechanics, designed expressly for this committee, will allow delegates to delve into the details of the issue and ultimately try to craft a treaty that will secure wider international support than the ATT that the UN did in fact agree on as a result of those 2012 negotiations.
* * *
The Food and agriculture organization
The Food and Agriculture Organization deals with issues of food security and hunger worldwide, as well as the relationship between those and farmers’ issues. Its first topic, “Desertification and Food Security”, considers the alarming worldwide transformation of agricultural land into infertile desert and asks the committee to consider the link between human activity and the loss of usable land. Aggravating factors ranging from climate change, poor land management, and conflict have been clearly linked to desertification in agricultural regions and require a clear strategy at the international level to prioritize root causes or to prevent them from impacting food security. Responses to the effects of desertification – including unemployment, hunger, and conflict – should be considered. The second topic, “Biotechnology and Agriculturalists”, considers the rights of farmers, particularly small producers, and the responsibilities of technological innovators in an era of rapid development in biological engineering. The committee will be responsible for crafting guidelines for the regulation of biotechnology producers and recommending measures to ensure that small producers can share in the benefits of technological progress, that they are protected from structural shifts in the agricultural economy, and that they are not subject to unethical or exploitative business practices by powerful biotechnology producers.
* * *
Congress of the republic of colombia
***Description can be found under Integrated Crisis
* * *