Joint crisis: Malayan emergency
Malayan Communist Party:
This committee, beginning around 1948, will consist of the political and military leaders of the Malayan communists during the conflict. The communists, including the Chinese and other such foreign advisors intent on ridding Malaya of its British occupiers, aim to overthrow the old Malay social order, left mostly unchanged by the British, and hope to institute a communist utopia. Delegates will have to wage a vicious jungle insurgency, and manage the opinion and support of many sectors of the population in order to achieve their aims. Key challenges include extending the appeal of a communist regime to ethnic groups beyond immigrant Chinese communities, combatting the vastly superior conventional forces of the British Army and Royal Air Force and its many loyal Malay allies, and reconciling differing views over how to prosecute the struggle within the Malayan Communist Party.
Malayan Executive Council:
This committee will be comprised of British colonial administrators and military commanders, Malay leaders, and other Commonwealth allies whose objective is to eliminate the Malayan Communist Party and end the communist threat to the peninsula. The group will face a number of obstacles: Southeast Asia is in immense upheaval as Vietnam, Burma, Thailand, and China experience Communist Revolutions; Malayan terrain is ill suited to conventional warfare, which the British army excels at; they must operate with insufficient monetary and military resources as Britain’s home government faces economic hardship and military crises throughout Europe and its shrinking empire. But the issue of independence above all will drive relations between two factions: the interests of British officials and local Malays will not always align as Malay Sultans strive to augment and secure their own personal power. Delegates must carefully manage military, economic and political resources to combat the guerrillas, and promote the stable growth of a political system capable of running the country after independence.
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integrated crisis: the colombian conflict
The conflict in Colombia, beginning in 1964, is one of the longest and most complex wars in modern history that pervades to this day. While primarily a struggle between the Colombian government and two major communist groups, the Common Alternative Revolutionary Force (FARC) and the National Liberation Army (ELN), innumerable other leftist guerrilla movements, right wing death squads and paramilitaries, drug cartels, foreign corporations and countries have vied for power, money, cocaine, and ultimate control over Colombia’s land and people. The shifting networks of alliances and hostilities between these groups in tandem with Colombia’s difficult and varied terrain—ranging from deep jungles to impassible mountains to sprawling urban centres—has created a unique and exceptionally complicated conflict.
This committee will be composed of Colombian political and military leaders, economic elites, and advisors from supporting countries, in particular the United States. Rampant corruption pervades throughout the country, with much of the Colombian political establishment in the pocket of leftists and drug cartels. Colombia is also highly dependent on foreign sources of military and economic aid, but their willingness to provide vital assistance is often unpredictable or conditional. The military and police have had little success over the past decades in combatting the insurgents, and are ill equipped to wage an intense counterinsurgency campaign. The goal of this committee will be to secure a stable and secure future for Colombia, and uproot any armed actors competing with the government for control of the country. The cabinet will have to balance military counterinsurgency, police counter-narcotic operations, economic development, and domestic and international political relations between the Colombian electorate, Colombian legislature, foreign corporations, domestic elites, and international backers.
Conference for Marxist-Leninism and Communism in Colombia:
This committee will lead several of Colombia’s left wing Guerrilla movements, namely the FARC and ELN but including smaller groups such as the Popular Liberation Army (EPL). These groups tout a left wing revolutionary ideology, and share similar guerrilla, insurgent, and narco-terrorist tactics, hoping to establish a Marxist or communist government in Colombia. However, each group operates largely independent of the others, and competes for recruits, resources, territory, and recognition as the true face of Colombia’s legitimate opposition—disagreements which lead to internal disarray. But many Colombians are dissatisfied with the government, lending these groups a large support base, and Colombia’s terrain is perfectly suited for revolutionary guerrilla warfare. Leftist groups will have to increase support amongst the populace, conduct military operations against the government and other rivals, and attempt to stymie opposition via political machinations within Colombia’s legislature.
Conference for a Conservative Colombia:
This committee will include the most powerful of Colombia’s infamous right wing militias, often called the paramilitaries. These groups are united in their distaste and opposition towards the left-wing guerrillas, who have been conducting atrocities and attacking Colombians’ livelihoods through terrorism and sabotage for years. The right wing want to see the leftist threat to Colombia halted. However, the paramilitaries often do not share the same goals; some groups are interested in amassing wealth via exploitation of the populace and drug trafficking, while others still want to secure control over certain regions for their personal power or to influence national level politics. Many paramilitary organizations are closely aligned with and receive support from drug cartels, the Colombian government, or even the Americans. Delegates from each paramilitary organization will use guerrilla hit and run tactics, bribery, terrorism, and political and economic maneuvering to achieve objectives, and may even collaborate with the hated leftists when in need of alliances to solidify control over their territory.
Conference for Pan-Colombian Narcotics Trade:
This committee will run a collection of major and mid-level Colombian drug cartels, such as the Medellin and Cali cartels, whose primary objectives will be to increase their monetary wealth primarily via trafficking cocaine, heroin, and other drugs to foreign markets. They will negotiate, bribe, intimidate, and fight the other committees to secure areas to produce and traffic drugs, build popular support, and pressure the government into passing conducive legislation to the illicit trade. The cartels make substantial amounts of money rivaling the coffers of the government, and can exercise immense influence through their wealth, coopting entire provinces or political parties through their ill-gotten gains or building substantial private armies. Their wealth, however, also makes them a target; resource starved left and right wing guerillas will frequently see their affluence as an opportunity to enrich themselves. Different cartels within the conference compete as business enterprises, which may result in conflict within the committee as members attempt to run each other out of business through alliances with Colombia’s other factions.
Congress of the Republic of Colombia:
This committee represents the democratically elected Colombian legislature, and will have mechanics simulating the second house of that legislature. Delegates must balance the needs of Colombia as a whole against the needs of the region and voters they were elected by, and must manage their own popularity with voters or face a diminution of their power. The house will contain numerous political parties in which most delegates will be members, each with competing ideologies, power bases, and policies, and even some affiliated with various guerrilla groups the government is fighting or attempting to reign in. A handful of the key points of contention between delegates will face will be over the government’s approach to the far-right paramilitaries who share certain enemies with the government, and may even have ties to its military but are responsible for tremendous human rights violations, the role of American influence, money and power in the conflict, the role of coca growing and drugs in Colombia’s economy, as well as the traditional left – right and urban – rural divides. The Congress will be responsible for coordinating with the Cabinet to handle budgetary matters, key legislative and constitutional issues, and whatever developments the course of the crisis brings.
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